logo 30 seconds of code Curated collection of useful JavaScript snippets that you can understand in 30 seconds or less.



Node

atob

Decodes a string of data which has been encoded using base-64 encoding.

Create a Buffer for the given string with base-64 encoding and use Buffer.toString('binary') to return the decoded string.

const atob = str => new Buffer(str, 'base64').toString('binary');
atob('Zm9vYmFy'); // 'foobar'

btoa

Creates a base-64 encoded ASCII string from a String object in which each character in the string is treated as a byte of binary data.

Create a Buffer for the given string with binary encoding and use Buffer.toString('base64') to return the encoded string.

const btoa = str => new Buffer(str, 'binary').toString('base64');
btoa('foobar'); // 'Zm9vYmFy'

colorize

Add special characters to text to print in color in the console (combined with console.log()).

Use template literals and special characters to add the appropriate color code to the string output. For background colors, add a special character that resets the background color at the end of the string.

const colorize = (...args) => ({
  black: `\x1b[30m${args.join(' ')}`,
  red: `\x1b[31m${args.join(' ')}`,
  green: `\x1b[32m${args.join(' ')}`,
  yellow: `\x1b[33m${args.join(' ')}`,
  blue: `\x1b[34m${args.join(' ')}`,
  magenta: `\x1b[35m${args.join(' ')}`,
  cyan: `\x1b[36m${args.join(' ')}`,
  white: `\x1b[37m${args.join(' ')}`,
  bgBlack: `\x1b[40m${args.join(' ')}\x1b[0m`,
  bgRed: `\x1b[41m${args.join(' ')}\x1b[0m`,
  bgGreen: `\x1b[42m${args.join(' ')}\x1b[0m`,
  bgYellow: `\x1b[43m${args.join(' ')}\x1b[0m`,
  bgBlue: `\x1b[44m${args.join(' ')}\x1b[0m`,
  bgMagenta: `\x1b[45m${args.join(' ')}\x1b[0m`,
  bgCyan: `\x1b[46m${args.join(' ')}\x1b[0m`,
  bgWhite: `\x1b[47m${args.join(' ')}\x1b[0m`
});
console.log(colorize('foo').red); // 'foo' (red letters)
console.log(colorize('foo', 'bar').bgBlue); // 'foo bar' (blue background)
console.log(colorize(colorize('foo').yellow, colorize('foo').green).bgWhite); // 'foo bar' (first word in yellow letters, second word in green letters, white background for both)

hasFlags

Check if the current process's arguments contain the specified flags.

Use Array.every() and Array.includes() to check if process.argv contains all the specified flags. Use a regular expression to test if the specified flags are prefixed with - or -- and prefix them accordingly.

const hasFlags = (...flags) =>
  flags.every(flag => process.argv.includes(/^-{1,2}/.test(flag) ? flag : '--' + flag));
// node myScript.js -s --test --cool=true
hasFlags('-s'); // true
hasFlags('--test', 'cool=true', '-s'); // true
hasFlags('special'); // false

hashNode

Creates a hash for a value using the SHA-256 algorithm. Returns a promise.

Use crypto API to create a hash for the given value.

const crypto = require('crypto');
const hashNode = val =>
  new Promise(resolve =>
    setTimeout(
      () =>
        resolve(
          crypto
            .createHash('sha256')
            .update(val)
            .digest('hex')
        ),
      0
    )
  );
hashNode(JSON.stringify({ a: 'a', b: [1, 2, 3, 4], foo: { c: 'bar' } })).then(console.log); // '04aa106279f5977f59f9067fa9712afc4aedc6f5862a8defc34552d8c7206393'

isTravisCI

Checks if the current environment is Travis CI.

Checks if the current environment has the TRAVIS and CI environment variables (reference).

const isTravisCI = () => 'TRAVIS' in process.env && 'CI' in process.env;
isTravisCI(); // true (if code is running on Travis CI)

JSONToFile

Writes a JSON object to a file.

Use fs.writeFile(), template literals and JSON.stringify() to write a json object to a .json file.

const fs = require('fs');
const JSONToFile = (obj, filename) =>
  fs.writeFile(`${filename}.json`, JSON.stringify(obj, null, 2));
JSONToFile({ test: 'is passed' }, 'testJsonFile'); // writes the object to 'testJsonFile.json'

readFileLines

Returns an array of lines from the specified file.

Use readFileSync function in fs node package to create a Buffer from a file. convert buffer to string using toString(encoding) function. creating an array from contents of file by spliting file content line by line (each \n).

const fs = require('fs');
const readFileLines = filename =>
  fs
    .readFileSync(filename)
    .toString('UTF8')
    .split('\n');
/*
contents of test.txt :
  line1
  line2
  line3
  ___________________________
*/
let arr = readFileLines('test.txt');
console.log(arr); // ['line1', 'line2', 'line3']

untildify

Converts a tilde path to an absolute path.

Use String.replace() with a regular expression and OS.homedir() to replace the ~ in the start of the path with the home directory.

const untildify = str => str.replace(/^~($|\/|\\)/, `${require('os').homedir()}$1`);
untildify('~/node'); // '/Users/aUser/node'

UUIDGeneratorNode

Generates a UUID in Node.JS.

Use crypto API to generate a UUID, compliant with RFC4122 version 4.

const crypto = require('crypto');
const UUIDGeneratorNode = () =>
  ([1e7] + -1e3 + -4e3 + -8e3 + -1e11).replace(/[018]/g, c =>
    (c ^ (crypto.randomBytes(1)[0] & (15 >> (c / 4)))).toString(16)
  );
UUIDGeneratorNode(); // '79c7c136-60ee-40a2-beb2-856f1feabefc'